Assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs)
If the above treatments have not worked, your doctor would suggest ARTs. These are powerful and high-technology based options that offer an extra boost to the sperm to move into an egg. The sperm is collected from ejaculated semen or through a needle from the testicle. It is then processed and released into eggs through several methods.
1 Intrauterine inseminations (IUI): The sperm (yours or the donor’s) is directly injected into the uterus during ovulation. Your partner would be given medications to trigger ovaries for increasing the number of eggs. This option is recommended if there is a problem with erection, and having sex is difficult.
2 In-vitro fertilization (IVF): The sperm is combined with the partner’s eggs in a test tube. They are made to fertilize and form embryos. The embryos are then placed in the uterus.
3 Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI): A single sperm is injected into an egg through a small needle, and made to fertilize. The fertilized embryo is then transferred into the uterus. It is usually recommended when the sperm count is low or the sperm is abnormally shaped.
What Can You Do At Home?
You might take a few steps at home to improve your chances of conceiving.
1 Have unprotected sex during ovulation when there is a high chance of fertilization. It happens in the middle of the menstrual cycle.
2 Do not use lubricants as they will impair sperm function and motility. Avoid products such as Astroglide, K-Y jelly lotions and saliva.
You may also try some natural means to improve your fertility. Click here.
Are There Any Complications Associated With Male Infertility?
Yes, male infertility increases the risk of:
1 Inherited disorders including Klinefelter syndrome and cystic fibrosis
2 Hormonal abnormalities
3 Cancers, such as melanoma, testicular, colorectal and prostate
Stress and difficulty in relationships
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